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The Crèvecœur is a showy black breed that is critically endangered. It's thought that the breed was developed from a crested Polish breed.

The Crèvecœur is one of the oldest standard-bred chickens in France, dating back to the 12th century from a town in Normandy with the same name.

During World War 2, when the German army reached Normandy, all of the animals (aside for ones hidden in barns) were killed, leaving the Crèvecœur critically endangered until recently when efforts have begun to bring them back. There are about 1000 chickens globally, with less than 500 in the U.S.

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