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The Rhode Island Red breed was created in the United States in the late 1800s, and is the state bird of Rhode Island, even though it was developed in Massachusetts.

The breed was created in the 19th century, by crossbreeding breeds asiatic breeds such as the Malay and brown Leghorns. It was a dual-purpose breed, for both egg and meat production. Modern strains have been bred for their egg-laying abilities. A well-fed Rhode Island Red can lay 6-7 eggs a week!

While the Rhode Island White and the Rhode Island Red breeds share a similar name and place of origin, they are actually distinct breeds.

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